VIENNA Travel Information Guide
pop 1.660 000, 1.8 Metro area 415 km sq, 190 m
Vienna has witnessed much history. From the conquest and rule of the Romans to the reign of the Babenburgs, and the Habsburgs who defined the city. The city survived the sieges and battles defending the country against the Turks and Napoleon, saw the downfall of the Habsburg Empire and the birth of an Austrian State.
Vienna overcame the unrest of the First Republic and the dark days of World War II, endured reconstruction the height of the Cold War, and witnessed the fall of the Iron Curtain, the expansion of the European Union, and has hosted many United Nation and European conferences.
Vinabona - meaning nice wind was the first name of the location, given by the Romans,
100 B.C saw the early Roman settlements. The city is situated at the meeting point of natural trade routes.
The grand capital has served for centuries as a gateway between Western and Eastern Europe, and maintains that gateway. Vienna was the seat of the Holy Roman Empire from 1558 to 1806. From 1806 to 1867 capital of the Austrian and Habsburg Empires,then the Austrian-Hungarian Empire until 1918.
Vienna is a city of nobility and vast cultural achievement renown for its architecture and music.
Vienna has been honoured with two UNESCO designations: for its historic Altstadt/ city center and the Baroque palace and park of Schoenbrunn.
Vienna’s cityscape owes its wealth of opulent buildings and countless cultural treasures to its former role as imperial residence and capital. A unique blend of architectural styles create an enchanting cultural journey through all of the architectural periods/major epochs. From the striking Gothic St .Stephans / Stephensdom to the exquisite Baroque architecture of the Hofburg and monumental architecture of the Ring Strasse- the Parliament, City Hall, churches, National Museums, theaters and Opera houses are all icons of Historicism that characterized late 19 C architecture.
Vienna is one of the greatest music capitals of the world, offering concerts, theatrical, and Opera and Operetta performances year round. The Viennese coffee house tradition as well as the heurigen (Wine Tavern) in this magnificent architectural settings give Vienna it unique distinctive flair where the past and present combine in a special harmony!
Wiener torte/cake, Sacher torte – Chocolate cake with thin chocolate icing and cherry filing
The Cold-War Spy film – ‘The Third Man’ was filmed in Vienna, as was the James Bond Film – ‘Living Daylights’, and the romantic drama - “Before Sunrise”.
Please see our Vienna Travel Guide Book - itinerary A 4 , information for the best self-guided tour and self-driving tour , Travel planning made easy available to purchase and download PDF online.
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As well as Austria Trips: 7 day Travel information Guide A 1 ,
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