An Introductory Burgenland Guide
Pop 280 000, 3 965 km sq
Intro Guide to Burgenland
Burgen (Castle) Land. A border defensive realm of Western Europe.
Burgenland is lower lying province with long rolling hills and plains,
the province is most well known for the large Steppe Neusiedler Lake,
it’s great vineyards, thermal Spas and of course Haydn’s home town of Eisenstadt.
Burgenland Guide: Principal cities/ towns:
Eisenstadt the provincial capital, pop 13 000, 182 m
Gussing pop 3700, 229 m
Neusiedl am See pop 7600, 133 m
Jennersdorf pop 4000, 242 m
Mattersburg pop 7000, 256 m
Oberpullendorf pop 3100, 243 m
Oberwart pop 7400, 315 m
Pinkafeld pop 5600, 399 m
Guide to Burgenland Geography
Eastern province, low lying parts of northern Burgenland belong to the Pannonian basin which is linked to with the Vienna basin by two gateways situated north and south of the low-lying Leitha Mtns.
the area is characterized by steppe and saline-heath vegetation most striking feature is the Neusiedler See.
Burgenland History Guide
The provinces of Burgenland was formed out of the four former counties of Western Hungry that had always been German –speaking/ Austrian. They were Presssburg, Wieselburg, Odenburg and Eisenburg, it became a province – Bundesland in 1921. Eisenstadt would become the capital in 1925. The province is overwhelmingly Austrian but does have a minority of Hungarians/ Magyr and Croats, - ca 15 %
Burgenland became a diocese in 1960.
The history of the newer province / and the historical area was dominated by the Esterhazy family – one of the wealthiest families of Austria and Europe, for centuries rivaling the Habsburgs and many others. Esterhazy Palace in Eisenstadt is the Provincial symbol. The Ezterhazys sponsored and hired Joeseph Haydn as court composer and musician which he was for most of his life.
Burgenland Economy Guide
Industries are limited to small plants and include: sugar refining, food processing, textile manufacturing, saw milling, furniture, agriculture, wine, tourism, light industry and manufacturing, agricultural has a predominant role in the province.
There is a popular saying that there are more Burgenlanders in Chicago than in Burgenland.
Only Eisenstadt has a population of over 10 000 people.
Burgenland Guide Natural resources
Eitha Mtns. Limestone – excellent building stone, basalt used in road construction
China clay pits- brick production, Antimony and brown coal mined, some chalk and serpentine ( used in jewelry) and vases
Introduction Guide to Eisenstadt – Provincial capital, commerce center, several museums.
Home of Joseph Haydn, from 1761 he was bandmaster of the Esterhazy court for 40 years.
Hi-lights include: Esterhazy Palace which hosts many concerts, several smaller museums including Haydn ’s house, St. Martins Cathedral, 18 C Haydn Church.
Annual Haydn International festival. Nearby wine growing villages offer the famous quaint (new wine) Heurigen taverns. For wine lovers there are many vineyards and heurigen nearby.
Burgenland Events/ Cultural hi-lights Guide
Include the Morbisch Lake stage Opera festival beg June - end August, and Haydn Festival.
© 2007 - 2016
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Burgenland See our 14 day Itinerary Guide
© 2007 - 2017